Lets find out some important differences for two collection types – ArrayList & List<T> , both are designed / exist in framework for grouping the objects together and perform various operations on them as per our requirments.
1) Namespace System.Collections contain ArrayList ( This namespace is added by default when we we creat any aspx page in C#)
2) Create ArrayList :
ArrayList stringArrayList = new ArrayList();
Here we dont need to specify object type arraylist going to contain,store different type of objects/items/
3) In ArrayList each item is stored as an Object so while reteriving we can get object only.
4) It is like Array of Objects.
1) Namespace System.Collections.Generic List<T> ( we need to add namespace if we want to use Generic Types)
2) Create List<T>:
List<string> stringList = new List<string>();
List<type> nameOfList = new List<type>(); & type means object type which List<T> going to hold.
3) In List<T> , it can hold/contain only type of object which is mentioned while initialising the List<T>
Just like in above example stringList will only contain object of type string, the type supplied as generic parameter.
4) It is newly added in .Net 2.0 & onwards, fast processing no need of casting explicitly.
Lets see one example.
string first = “First String”;
string second = “Second String”;
int firstInt = 1;
int secondInt = 2;
ArrayList stringArrayList = new ArrayList(); // No need to specify the object type,can store anything.
stringArrayList.Add(first); // string type
stringArrayList.Add(second); // string type
stringArrayList.Add(firstInt); // Can contain any type so no problem in storing int
List<string> stringList = new List<string>(); // Need to specify the object type, will contain only string types.
1) Lets consider Case :
stringList.Add(firstInt); // adding int in string type List.
we will get the exceptions below as List need to contain only string types. others are not allowed.
1) ‘The best overloaded method match for ‘System.Collections.Generic.List<string>.Add(string)’ has some invalid arguments’
2) ‘Argument ‘1’: cannot convert from ‘int’ to ‘string’
2) Lets consider another case :
string abcd = stringArrayList;
Suppose if we try to get an ArrayList item without using the casting then we can get following exception, as arraylist contain Objects only we need to cast as pre our requirments.
We will get Exception –
‘Cannot implicitly convert type ‘object’ to ‘string’. An explicit conversion exists (are you missing a cast?)’
We can avoid it as
string abcd = stringArrayList.ToString(); // Needs casting ,memory overhead.